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Istilah dalam Ilmu Farmasi

24 Januari 2016
22:05:23 WIB

Farmakologi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari pengetahuan obat dengan seluruh aspeknya, baik sifat kimiawi, fisika, kegiatan fisiologi, resorpsi dan nasibnya dalam organisme hidup

Farmakognosi : cabang ilmu yang mempelajari sifat-sifat tumbuhan, mineral dan hewan yang merupakan sumber obat.

Biofarmasi : cabang ilmu yang mempelajari pengaruh pembuatan sediaan farmasi terhadap efek terapeutik obat.

Farmaceutical availability (ketersediaan farmasi) : ukuran waktu yang diperlukan oleh obat untuk melepaskan diri dari bentuk sediaannya dan siap untuk proses absorpsi.

Biological availability (ketersediaan hayati) : prosentasi obat yang diresorpsi tubuh dari suatu dosis yang diberikan dan tersedia untuk melakukan efek terapetiknya.

Therapeutical equivalent (kesetaraan terapeutik) : syarat yang harus dipenuhi oleh suatu obat yang meliputi kecepatan melarut dan jumlah kadar zat yang berkhasiat yang harus dicapai dalam darah

Bioassay : cara menentukan aktivitas obat dengan menggunakan hewan percobaan seperti kelinci, tikus, dll.

Farmakokinetik : segala proses yang dilakukan tubuh terhadap obat berupa absorpsi, distribusi, metabolisme dan ekskresi.

Farmakodinamik : mempelajari kegiatan obat terhadap organisme hidup terutama cara dan mekanisme kerjanya, reaksi fisiologi, serta efek terafi yang ditimbulkan.

Toksikologi : pengetahuan tentang efek racun dari obat terhadap tubuh.

Farmakoterapi : mempelajari penggunaan obat untuk mengobati penyakit atau gejalanya. Phytoterapi : menggunakan zat-zat dari tanaman untuk mengobati penyakit.

Farmakologi klinik : cabang farmakologi yang mempelajari efek obat pada manusia.

 

·         Istilah yang sering jumpa pada Obat dan Farmasi

BSO = Bentuk Sediaan Obat

BS = Bentuk Sediaan

Inst. Fa.RS = Instalasi Farmasi Rumah Sakit

SO = Sediaan Obat

P = Pediatrik (Anak-anak)

A = Adult (dewasa)

F = Forte (Fortior = penuh, lebih besar)

G = Geriatric (orang lanjut usia)

Syr = Syrupus

Cap = Capsula

Capl = Caplet (tablet berupa capsul)

Dry syr = Sirup kering

DS = Double strength (kekuatan belipat ganda)

SR = Sustained release (lepas lambat)

Eye drops = Tetes mata

Ear drops = Tetes telinga

Nasal drops = Tetes hidung

Oculenta = Salap mata

Top = Topikal (Kulit)

Unguenta = Zalaft, salap, salep

Epithema = Obat kompres kulit (topikal)

Gargarisma = Collutorium, obat kumur

Antidote = Penawar racun

Antiseptic = Antiseptis, pemusnah hama

Derivate = Turunan, generasi

Granule = Butir, butiran

Retention = Retensi, tambatan, tertahan

Enteral = saluran pencernaan

Pan-enteral = diluar saluran pencernaan.

Per-oral = melalui mulut terus ke aesofagus dan saluran

pencernaan.

Inplantasi = penggunaan obat dibawah kulit (menanam, mendepot)

dengan membedah bagian kecil kulit secara steril.
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